Durwood Zaelke

Durwood ZaelkeDurwood Zaelke is founder and President of the Institute for Governance & Sustainable Development (IGSD) in Washington, DC and Geneva; Director of the Secretariat for the International Network for Environmental Compliance & Enforcement (INECE) in Washington, DC and Geneva; and the co-Director and co-founder (with Dr. Oran Young and Matthew Stilwell) of the Program on Governance for Sustainable Development at the Bren School of Environmental Science & Management, University of California, Santa Barbara.
 
Previously, Mr. Zaelke was co-founder and President (1989-2003) of the Center for International Environmental Law in Washington, DC and Geneva; co-founder and board member (1989-2004) of the Foundation for International Environmental Law & Development in London (formerly CIEL-UK); founder and director (1990-2004) of the International & Comparative Environmental Law Program at the American University law school; founder and director (1988-89) of the International Program at Earth Justice (formerly the Sierra Club Legal Defense Fund); director of the Alaska and DC office of the Sierra Club Legal Defense Fund (1980-89); and co-founder of the Policy, Legislation & Special Litigation Section, and founder of the Energy Conservation Section (disbanded by a subsequent administration), both in the Environmental Division of the Justice Department (1978-80).

Mr. Zaelke currently teaches at UC Santa Barbara's Bren School of Environmental Science & Management and American University law school. He also has taught at Yale Law School, Duke Law School's Brussels's program, and Johns Hopkins. 

He is the author of the leading law school textbook on International Environmental Law & Policy (Foundation Press 4th ed. 2011) (with Hunter & Salzman), as well as a recent paper with Nobel Laureate, Dr. Mario Molina as part a Special Feature on climate tipping points, Molina, M., Zaelke, D., Sarma, K. M., Andersen, S. O., Ramanathan, V., and Kaniaru, D., Reducing abrupt climate change risk using the Montreal Protocol and other regulatory actions to complement cuts in CO2 emissions, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (US)  (2009).  In 2005 Mr. Zaelke edited Making Law Work: Environmental Compliance & Sustainable Development (Cameron May London 2005) (with Kaniaru & Kruíková), a two-volume analysis of the best literature on compliance and enforcement. In 2003 he joined Dr. Steven O. Andersen to write Industry Genius: Inventions and People Protecting the Climate and Fragile Ozone Layer (Greenleaf UK, 2003). Other books include Van Dyke, Zaelke & Hewison, eds., Freedom for the Seas: A New Look at Ocean Governance (Island Press 1993), co-winner of the Smithsonian's 1994 Sprout Award for best book on international environmental affairs; and Zaelke, Housman & Orbach, eds., Trade and the Environment: Law, Economics, and Policy (Island Press 1995), winner of a special prize at the Buenos Aires Book Fair.

He is a graduate of Duke Law School (1972), where he was an Editor of the Duke Law Journal, and UCLA (1969), and a member of the bar in California, Washington, DC, and Alaska. Mr. Zaelke received both an Ozone Protection Award and a Climate Protection Award in 2008 for his contribution to the successful effort to maximize the climate benefits of the Montreal Protocol.

Mr. Zaelke currently directs IGSD's efforts on fast-action climate mitigation strategies including: reducing short-lived climate forcers (black carbon, ground-level ozone, and methane); expanding biosequestration through the use of biochar; increasing urban albedo; and further strengthening the Montreal Protocol to protect the climate by phasing out production and consumption of HFCs with high global warming potential.

He can be reached at zaelke@igsd.org.